Who was Moses Wife or Wives?
The topic of Moshe's (Moses) wives or wife isn't so clear-cut. Believe or not, there has been many falsehoods attributed to this topic. The questions that will be addressed here are:
How many wives did Moses have?
Why was Mariam and Aaron concerned about Moshe's Ethiopian wife?
And what does the term “Ethiopian”
mean and refer to in this issue?
Many people teach that Moses had two wives. The teach that his first wife Zipporah, of whom bare his sons and they say that he later had another wife, an Ethiopian wife of which Miriam and Aaron spoke against. Now this may seem like a topic that really has no bearing on salvation issues, but the truth of the matter is, any lie told about the Creator's Words is an attempt to discredit His Truth.
One reason why this topic is worthy of attention is because the Gentile world also uses this story to forward the notion that Moses had to be white (Goat) because Miriam and Aaron spoke against his wife because she was black (Sheep). The use of the Greek word “Ethiopian” is utilized and distorted by the false interpretations of the world's scholars that publish the bible dictionaries, commentaries, encyclopedias, and various other so-called “bible tools.”
You probably never heard this topic handled this way so I would advise you pay close attention to the Scriptural accounts of these events as they fall in chronological sequence.
We'll begin at the time when Moses escaped from Egypt and go from there.
THE ESCAPE TO MIDIAN
After helping a fellow brother of his people who was being beaten by an Egyptian (Mizraimite), Moshea secretly kills the Egyptian and has to flee from Egypt because the secret of his murder becomes known and he flees from Mizraim/Egypt to dwell in the LAND OF MIDIAN…
] And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren,
and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.  And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
] And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? [14
] And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian?
And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known
] Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh
, and dwelt in the land of Midian:
and he sat down by a well.
While in the land of Midian, there he meets the seven daughters of the Priest of Midian and he is given one of the daughters to be his wife. Her name is Zipporah.
] Now the priest of Midian
had seven daughters
: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. [17
] And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. [18
] And when they came to Reuel their father
, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? [19
] And they said, An Egyptian
delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock. [20
] And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.  And Moses was content to dwell with the man:
and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter
] And she bare him a son,
and he called his name Gershom
: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.
Verse 19 lets us know that Moses was mistaken as an Egyptian, and it is common knowledge that the ancient Egyptians were a black skinned wooly haired people. Maybe Moses clothes gave away the fact that he was Egyptian or maybe it was his hair, we are not sure as to why he was called an Egyptian but if he was white, I can be sure that he would have never been mistaken for an Egyptian, even if he had his Egyptian passport.
But the focus of this story is in the fact that that Mosheah married Zipporah whom was Reul's daughter. Reul is the Priest of Midian. It's good to note here that Reul goes by two other names in the Scriptures, which are “Reguel” and the more common “Jethro”. All three of these names refer to the same person whom is the Priest of Midian and father of Zipporah. We also just read that Zipporah had Mosheah's first son and his name is Gershom.
THE RETURN TO EGYPT
After some time, the Almighty Jah of Heaven revealed Himself to Mosheah in the land of Midian as he kept Jethro's flock.
Exodus 3:1 -
] Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian:
and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of Jah, even to Horeb. [2
] And the angel of JAH appeared unto him in a flame of fire
out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
This verse clearly shows that Jethro is Reul, the Priest of Midian. So as the account goes, Moses gets his instructions from Jah and then gets his wife Zipporah and his sons (plural, by this time Zipporah had Eliezer her second son) and heads to Egypt.
] And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law
, and said unto him, Let me go, I pray thee, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt
, and see whether they be yet alive. And Jethro said to Moses
, Go in peace. [19
] And JAH said unto Moses in Midian
, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought thy life. [20
] And Moses took his wife and his sons
, and set them upon an ass, and he returned to the land of Egypt
: and Moses took the rod of JAH in his hand.
Exodus 18: 3-4 -
] And her two sons
; of which the name of the one was Gershom
; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: [4
] And the name of the other was Eliezer
; for the Mighty One of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:
Now on the way back to Egypt, we read that Jah is displeased with Moses and is about to kill him because he didn't circumcise Eliezer. So in anger Zipporah circumcises the lad and throws the foreskins at Moshea's feet preventing Moshe from being slain by JAH. This was a huge issue between Moses and Zipporah. This dissention between Moses and Zipporah was very sharp and it is at this point that she is sent back to Midian to her father with her sons and Moses goes alone and as he gets near to Egypt his brother Aaron comes out to meet him. We don't immediately read of Moshe sending back Zipporah but later you will see why I'm saying, “Zipporah was sent back to her father in Midian.”
] And it came to pass by the way in the inn, that JAH met him, and sought to kill him.
] Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet
, and said, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me.
] So he let him go: then she said, A bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision.
Because of this contention, Moses and Zipporah depart from each other and she goes back to Midian… Now at this point, Jah tells Aaron to go out and meet Moshea….
] And JAH said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses.
And he went, and met him in the mount of Jah, and kissed him.
] And Moses told Aaron all the words of JAH who had sent him, and all the signs which he had commanded him. [29
] And Moses and Aaron went and gathered
together all the elders of the children of Israel:
So we see here that Moses and Aaron go together by themselves to gather the elders of Jahzrael, remember, Zipporah is not with them. From Exodus chapter 5 through until chapter 16 we have the 10 plagues and the journey out of Egypt. We wont cover those chapters because they are not relevant at this time to this issue, you can read them for yourself…
THE JOURNEY INTO THE WILDERNESS
Now as the children of Jahzrael came out of Egypt and were journeying many days, they came upon Jethro's son “Hobab” and Mosheah tells him of the wonders that Jah had done for them in Egypt. Mosheah goes on to request that Hobab join them and help them by being their eyes to navigate through the wilderness. However Hobab insists on going back to Midian to be with his family and soon after this discussion they depart from each other.
] And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law
, We are journeying unto the place of which JAH said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for JAH hath spoken good concerning Israel.
] And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred
] And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes.
] And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness JAH shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee. [33
] And they departed
from the mount of JAH three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of JAH went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them.
So Hobab leaves and goes back to Midian and reports to his father the news from Mosheah. Now after this, the children of Jahzrael come into the Wilderness of Sin in the second month. It is there that Jah proves Jahzrael His people by giving them quails and manna to see if they will keep His Law, in particular the 7th Day Sabbath.
Exodus 16:1-2, 13 -
] And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin
, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month
after their departing out of the land of Egypt. [2
] And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:…….. [13
] And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up,
and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. [14
] And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing,
as small as the hoar frost on the ground.
I must remind you that during all this time Zipporah is with Jethro in Midian along with Gershom and Eliezer, Moses two sons. She did not go into Egypt.
REUNITED - MAKES YOU FEEL SO GOOD
Now as we know, the book of Numbers also records the events of the journeys of Israel in the wilderness, and we will see this same quail incident in the book of Numbers. In order for us to keep in step with the story, we will continue to go back and forth (to and fro) between the book of Exodus and Numbers to see these events as the happen in their timely order. Let's go to Numbers to see the continuation of this drama.
Numbers 11:31-32 -
] And there went forth a wind from JAH, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp
, as it were a day's journey on this side, and as it were a day's journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits high upon the face of the earth. [32
] And the people stood up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails
: he that gathered least gathered ten homers: and they spread them all abroad for themselves round about the camp.
So after all this with the quails and manna, Jethro gets the news from Hobab about all the things Jah has done for the children of Jahzrael and Jethro then prepares to meet Mosheah in the wilderness and sends a messenger to Mosheah to let him know that he (Jethro) is coming out to meet him and in anticipation he goes out to meet his father in law and to be reunited with his wife and children.
This is where we will see that Zipporah is indeed the ONLY wife that Moshe had. I emphasize this because as I earlier said, many scholars and preacher-teachers profess that Moses had 2 wives, of which is a big lie.
Notice that in the following verse 2 that Scriptures let us know that Jethro brought back Zipporah “AFTER HE (MOSES) SENT HER BACK”….
] When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that JAH had done for Moses,
and for Israel his people, and that JAH had brought Israel out of Egypt; [2
] Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back
] And her two sons;
of which the name of the one was Gershom;
for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land:  And the name of the other was Eliezer;
for the Mighty One of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh: [5
] And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness,
where he encamped at the mount of JAH: [6
] And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.
] And Moses went out to meet his father in law
, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent. [8
] And Moses told his father in law all that JAH had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake
, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how JAH delivered them. [9
] And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which JAH had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. [10
] And Jethro said, Blessed be JAH
, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. [11
] Now I know that JAH is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.  And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for JAH: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before JAH.
Wow! Do you see how Jethro testified of the EVER LIVING JAH, and how they ALL ate before JAH? Let's bear in mind that Jethro is the Priest of Midian and we can see him praising Jah and offering sacrifices to Jah of which JAH accepted. Jethro is not an Israelite. This lets me know that Jethro knows and knew of and about the Almighty Jah and his people. So the question comes to mind, “How did Jethro who is a priest of Midian know about the Almighty Jah and the burnt offerings that would be acceptable to JAH other than from Mosheah?” Well first and foremost, to answer that question we have to know exactly what and who is Midian?
Midian is a land and it is named after the man named “Midian”, the descendants of Midian are called the “Midianites”. So who exactly was “Midian?”
Believe it or not, Midian is a son of Abraham and Keturah. Remember that although Isaac was the chosen seed and the covenant was established in him, Abraham still taught all his sons about the Most High just as JAH commanded him to do and his children in return taught the ways of JAH to their children. Without a doubt we can be sure that Abraham's sons: Ishmael, Zimarn, Joktan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah all knew of the Great and Holy One of Abraham because he taught them.
Of Abraham the Most High gives this testimony…
- For I know him
, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of JAH to do justice and judgment;
that JAH may bring upon Abraham that which he hat spoken of him.
I repeat, Midian was a son of Abraham of which Jethro, (Reul, Reguel) the Priest of MIDIAN, was a descendant.
] Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah
] And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian,
and Ishbak, and Shuah. [3
] And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim. [4
] And the sons of Midian
; Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah. [5
] And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac. [6
] But unto the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country.
We can see from the previous verses where Midian comes from and that the Midianites lived in the East country. So even though Isaac was separated from the rest of Abraham's sons, Abraham still taught them the ways of JAH, how long they kept those ways is another story.
What is very vital is that Midian is the son of Abraham the Shemite. In other words, the Midianites are Shemites as well; We can't say for sure what Keturah's nationality was but one possibility is likely that the Keturah was a Canaanite although the Scriptures are not clear, I say this because Abraham lived in Canaan, but I also see that he didn't want his son to take a daughter of the Canaanites. So it's possible that Keturah was a Shemite, but again, the Scriptures aren't very clear on that. At any rate, the point is that the Midianites are not Cushites from Noah's Son Ham, and you will soon see why I'm making this point. But let's get back to the meeting of Jethro.
MOSHE'S ETHIOPIAN WIFE
After Jethro gives Mosheah advice how to judge the people he goes back to his land, leaving Zipporah and children with Mosheah.
] And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.
Now it is at this point, upon meeting Zipporah and company that Miriam and Aaron speak against Mosheah because of his wife, because she was not an Israelite. Many people assume that Moses is white because of this verse showing that Zipporah was an Ethiopian, and that this contention of Miriam and Aaraon was because she was black…not true at all, because Moses was black also (another study in itself), so the problem was in the fact that Zipporah was not an Israelite, not that she was black…
] And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian
Now the translators of the Scriptures intended to mislead us with this translation to make it look like Moses had two wives, because Zipporah is identified as a Midianite earlier on and now there is seemingly another wife who was an Ethiopian. But that is not so. Mosheah had one wife, Zipporah the Ethiopian-Midianite or Black Midianite.
The world's scholars and their books try to say that the Greek word “Ethiopian” means “Cush” in Hebrew, which means Black. But this isn't the case when you look up all the times the word “Ethiopian” appears in the Scriptures.
As we know, the man Cush comes from Ham. So why use the word “Ethiopian” if Zipporah wasn't from the family of Cush? The reason is to mislead us. We know that the Gentile world says that Mosheah is white or Caucasian and they try to say that Miriam spoke against Mosheah because he married a black woman, in particular an Ethiopian. But as earlier said, that is also false.
Moses is Black and Zipporah was Black and as said before, Miriam and Aaron never liked the fact that Zipporah wasn't an Israelite, and this would mean that Mosheah's children, who are not 100% Israelite, might take over the leadership when Mosheah dies, and this indeed wasn't acceptable to Miriam and Aaron. Keep in mind that Zipporah is also a daughter of a Priest so she is a believer in JAH as well and she must have been knowledgeable with spiritual understanding and that could have been a threat to Miriam, for Miriam was a prophetess as well.
So why use the term Ethiopia to describe Zipporah? The reason is this.
The Greek word Ethiopia or Ethiopian in the Scriptures shouldn't be translated back to Hebrew word Cush at all because this Greek word “Ethiopia” is a NOUN that was initially used by the Greek world ruling Gentiles to cover or describe ALL black people.
In other words, Ethiopia and ethiopian are not Hebrew words nor did they come from any hebrew word!
Without a doubt those who engage in Hebraic translations will scoff at the notion that the word Ethiopia doesn't translate to the Hebrew to be “Cush”. You see, indeed the Hebrew language is older and precedes the Greek language, in particular as it pertains to the translations of the Scriptures but the point I'm making is that there are many instances were there are Greek words of which were originated by the Greeks and even though Hebrew is older, it isn't the origin of the Greek word “Ethiopia(n)”, only that the word Ethiopia in Greek means “Black People” or “Black faced”.
But when you try to find the Hebrew equivalent, the word “Cush” which in Hebrew means “black” or “burnt,” is used as the translation but it doesn't fit correctly at all because the way the word “Ethiopia(n)” is used in Scriptures is clearly not used to refer to one tribe or nation, in particular the tribe or family of the Cushites…that is completely against the Scriptural use of the word Ethiopian. The Ethiopians that you read of in Scriptures have different nationalities, and don't even apply to the family of Cush…
If you try to translate Ethiopia back to the Hebrew to be Cush, then you are inaccurately limiting this Greek word to refer to one tribe of black people or one particular country, which was and is truly called Abyssinia (Abasha) and is wrongly called Ethiopia in these modern times of which was never to be applied to that one Country. Why do I say this?
ETHIOPIA IS ANCIENTLY THE HUGE CONTINENT THAT COVERS AFRICA AND THE MID-EAST EXTENDING OUT TO INDIA AND IT'S NOT SOME SMALL COUNTRY OR EMPIRE THAT HISTORY HAS FRAUDULENTLY FORWARDED.
AND IT CAN BE SAID THAT ETHIOPIA IS WHERE THE WORD UTOPIA COMES FROM, WHICH MEANS “PARADISE”.
The black man Cush is just one son of the Black man Ham. What I'm try to say is that all of Ham's sons were black not just Cush and Cush's brother's aren't Cushites yet they were black or can be called “Ethiopian” or “Aithiops”, of which this Greek word was used primarily to cover all Black people. The same with Shem's descendants, they're Black too, yet we would never call them Cushites but you can say that Shemites are an “Ethiopian” people, meaning the Shemites are Black.
Yes Cush means “Black” but so do many other words in the Hebrew. When the world speaks of the Cushite Nimrod and his Ethiopian Empire the term Ethiopian Empire simply means the Black Empire, and because Cush means Black they try to trick you to think this Ethiopian Empire has a specific lineage and trace back to the Cushite family. The first world ruling empire after the flood was that of Babel of which Nimrod was the King of which was a Black World ruling Empire or we can say it was the first Ethiopian World Ruling empire….Black person and Ethiopian are the same thing.
Egypt was an ETHIOPIAN (Black) empire, so was Assyria, Babylon, Medes and Persians and of course the nation of Israel, of which we can say is the Ethiopian Israelite Empire that ruled the world in Solomon's times. All these nations are described by the Greeks as being Ethiopian or Black. Simple as that.
Therefore the Greek word Ethiopia is a SCRIPTURALLY sanctified name for the Black man's Land and the word Ethiopian can be used to cover ALL BLACK PEOPLE ON THE FACE OF THE EARTH.
The word “Ethiopia” shouldn't be used to refer to one particular family of black people, namely the Cushites.
I repeat: The word Ethiopia or Ethiopian are Greek terms that were used by the Greeks to refer to ANYONE who was Black. And remember, the whole land of Africa and the Mid-East was termed Ethiopia in ancient times…
Scripturally speaking, the Israelites were likened to and called Ethiopian, Egyptians were called Ethiopian, Canaanites were called Ethiopian, Cushites were called Ethiopian, Philistines were called Ethiopian and the Sabaens or those of Sheba were also called Ethiopians by the Greeks…
When you look at the translation of this word Ethiopian in Numbers 12, you will see that they WRONGLY translate it to be “Cush”. Remember that Cush is a Hamite, and Zipporah was not a Cushite she was a Midianite, of whom are Shemites. Upon further investigation, you will notice in the Scriptures that there is a word “Cushan” which is used only once. This Scriptural word “Cushan” isn't referring to the Cushites.
ITS' CUSHAN - NOT CUSH
What is Cushan?
Well when you look up this word “Cushan” in a concordance we see that it appears only one time in the Scriptures. So the information is limited, however, the information in this one verse where “Cushan” is used shows us that Cushan is a word associated with Midian and doesn't have anything to do with the Cushites from Ham. Take note:
- I saw the tents of Cushan
in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian
From the previous verse, we can see that “Cushan” is ALSO the “land of Midian.” The word “tents” means “families, people, clan, tribe etc.”. The word “Curtains” also means the same: families, people, clan, tribe etc.
So the tents of Cushan mean the “families of Cushan” and these families dwelt in the land of Midian and this is why the translators try to use the word Ethiopian to refer to Zipporah, because they either mistakenly or purposely used the word Ethiopian in a cunning fashion to distort the truth. But we can turn a lemon into lemonade by understanding that the word Ethiopian can apply to a person of any black nation, and that the word obviously shouldn't be used to refer to one family of black people.
Cush, as said earlier, is a Hamite and not a Shemite. The Midianites are a Shemite people and are definitely not Hamites although they mixed and mingled with them for hundreds of years.
So you can see that the use of the word Ethiopian in regards to Mosheah's wife has nothing to do with the family of Ham or in particular with Cush….
This is another reason why I say that the Greek word “Ethiopian” can be used for both Hamites and Shemites, because it means “Black People”. It is a serious error to say that the Greek word Ethiopia translates to Cush/Kuwsh. You can read more about the true Scriptural definition of the words “Ethiopia” and “Ethiopian”.
One Love to All